A monitoring group recently reported that casualties from land mines and other unexploded munitions have increased substantially to the highest point in a decade. Although an international treaty banning these land mines exists and has been signed by at least 162 countries, the casualty numbers are on the rise. The report states that financial contributions for the removal of these mines have dropped by nearly a quarter, despite the treaty’s goal of complete mine removal by the year 2025.
Prominent countries, such as China, Russia and the United States, have still not signed the treaty because many of these countries do not use or even produce land mines. The United States has claimed that it will follow some of the key requirements as outlined in the treaty, however, it will not apply these requirements to the Demilitarized Zone of the Korean Peninsula which is one of the zones in the world with the most mines. President Obama has stated that the Department of Defense is working on creating land mine alternatives for the Demilitarized Zone.
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