The ethics of editing genes in plants, animals and humans has been a long debate among scientists since the idea of it was first conceived. Though having this ability would be able to cure many disorders and diseases, it could also lead to many other complications or changes that will effect the future generations of the world. Since 2012, a new technology has been invented that allows scientists to more easily than ever before alter the DNA and has done so on many mice, sheep, monkeys and other animals. Scientists are confident that the same procedures would work on humans as well.
One of the ethical arguments is not that parents and doctors will be able to change hair or eye color, but the fact that they will have the power to make humans live longer, be stronger and more healthy, and have the capacity to be more intelligent.
It raises the most fundamental of issues about how we are going to view out humanity in the future and whether we are going to take the dramatic step of modifying our own germline and in a sense take control of our genetic destiny, which raises enormous peril for humanity.
In many European countries and in the United States, scientists are highly regulated and have to have their plan, goals and purposes mapped out and approved before performing this alteration on any human, but what scientists are most worried about are scientists in other countries that do not have to follow such rules and regulations.
Though the U.S. or other regulated countries cannot legally stop other countries from doing these procedures on humans, it has been known before to stop the world from genetic alterations. In 1975, there was a call from the science community to halt a certain experiment that also involved modifying DNA and, even without a governing body to watch over the global affairs of science, scientists around the world stopped working with that experiment. The hope of many scientists today is that this same thing will occur.
The real question still lies within the hearts of all man kind; “Is this ethical or not?”. The procedure is still not perfect and often the bacteria they use to make deletions and additions to the DNA has been known to cut out the wrong spots. Is this a risk that some are willing to take to save their children from disorders though? And if it is perfected, is the world ready for a future generation that could possibly outperform the current generation in every measure?
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